欧洲杯2016

中国水泥行业可提前实现碳达峰,去产能是关键

日期:2021/01/13

       2020nian9yue22ri,zaidiqishiwujielianheguodahuiyibanxingbianlunshang,woguomingqueyaocaiqugengjiayoulidezhengcehecuoshi,eryanghuatanpaifanglizhengyu2030nianqiandadaofengzhi,nulizhengqu2060nianqianshixiantanzhonghe。zhongyangjingjigongzuohuiyijiang“zuohaotandafeng、tanzhonghegongzuo”zuowei2021niandezhongdianrenwu,bingtichu“woguoeryanghuatanpaifanglizheng2030nianqiandadaofengzhi,lizheng2060nianqianshixiantanzhonghe”。woguoshuinixingyeshieryanghuatanpaifangdezhongdianxingye,shixianditanjianpaizhiguanzhongyao。

       shuinixingyetanpaifangzhuyaoyuanyuranliaoranshaopaifangheguochengpaifang。zaishuinishengchanguochengzhong,yuancailiaotansuanyanfenjiechanshengdeeryanghuatanpaifangzheizhongguochengpaifangzhandao60-70%zuoyou。shuinixingyetanpaifangyushuliaochanliangmiqiexiangguan。zhongguoshuinixingye2009-2020niantanpaifangrutu1suoshi,shiduonianlai,suizheshuinishuliaochanliangzengjia,zhongguoshuinixingyetanpaifangcong9.71yidunzhubudadao13.75yidun。suizhewoguoshuinixingyeziyuan、nengyuanliyonghuashuipingdetigao,jienengjianghaoxianjinjishudeyingyong,yanjinxinzengchanneng、channengjianliangzhihuan、jianbinglianhezhongzuhechangtaihuacuofengshengchandengyouxiaodegongguquchannengzhengcedetuixing,liyonghuanbao、zhiliang、nengyuan、jishu、anquandengzonghebiaozhuntuidongluohouchannengtaotai,shuinixingyezai“shisanwu”xiang“shisiwu”guoduqijiantanpaifangyouzhujiandadaofengzhidequshi。

       jianyushuliaochanliangshiyingxiangshuinixingyetanpaifangdezuidayinsu,yuceshuinishuliaochanliangzai“shisiwu”qijianjiangdadaoxiaofeihechanliangfengzhi,nianshuliaochanliangyujizai14-16yidunzuoyou,nianshuinichanliangzai22-24yidunzuoyou。yuji“shisiwu”shiqizaijixuyajianchanneng、taotailuohouhegongguquchannengdejichushang,ketiqianshixiantandafeng,shuinixingyeniantanpaifangyuezai14.5yidunhouxiajiang。


2009-2020nianzhongguoshuinixingyetanpaifangtongji


       muqianshuinigongyedetanjianpaiyousangequdao,fenbieshijishuxingjianpai、xiangduijianpaiheshichanghuayuchanyezhengcejiehejianpai。

       yishijishuxingjianpai,jitongguogaishangongyi、jiaqiangshengchanguanli、shiyongtidaiyuanranliao、yurefadian、tigaoshuliaozhiliangyijichanpinhegelvdengshouduanjinxingtanjianpai。muqianwoguoshuinixingyeditanjienengjishuzhuyaoyoushuiniyaoxietongchuzhifeiqiwujishu(ruchuzhishizhengwuni、chengshilaji、yijilajifenshaofeihuidengweixianfeiqiwu)、tidaiyuanranliaojishu(rushengwuzhiranliaodeng),jienenglimogongyi、jienengfengjigongyi、jienenggunyajifenmojishu、gaonengxiaoshuliaoshaochengjishu、ranshaoxitonggaijinjishu(ruduotongdaogaoxiaoranshaoqi、ranmeicuihuajideng)、gaoxiaoshuliaobilengjigongyi、diwenyurefadianjishu、shuiniyaojienengjiankongyouhuahenengxiaoguanlijishudeng。“shisanwu”qijianshuinixingyejiadalejienengjianghaojianpaijishudeyingyonglidu,jutongji,2019~2020niankaigongdeshuinizhongdaguanjianxiangmu(baokuoxincailiaodengchanyelianqianglianbulianxiangmu、zhinenghua、lvsehua、fuwuhua、gaoduanhuajishugaizaoxiangmu)chaoguo200ge,zongtouzieyue590yiyuan,chaoguo2016nianquanxingyelirun。muqianhailuojituanjianchengleshijieshoutiaoshuiniyaoyanqieryanghuatanbujichunhuahuanbaoshifanxiangmu,jiangshuinichangzhongdeyanqieryanghuatanzhuanhuaweieryanghuatanchanpin,keyongyugongye、shipin、yiyaodenglingyu。gaizhongyanqieryanghuatanbujichunhuajishubeilieru《chanyejiegoudiaozhengzhidaomulu(2019nianben)》gulilei,shuyushuiniqiyezaixingyeneijinxingtanzhonghedetansuo。lingwai,tainijituanhaitansuoyingyongletanbuzhuoheshengwugutanfa。

       ershixiangduijianpai,jitongguojianliguojiatanjiaoyitixidengjinrongchuangxinshouduan,jiangshuiniqiyejiandezongxiangbijiaotuokuanweichanyejiandehengxiangbijiao,jiangxingyeneibudejianpaijingzhengzhuanyidaochanyejiandejianpaiboyi。xiayibujiangzhubujiaqiangyingduiqihoubianhuajianhuantanpaifangjizhi、kaituotanpaifanghechayujianguan、tanpaifangefenpei、quanguoxingtanpaifangquanjiaoyishichang、tanzichanguanli、tanshuihetanjinrongdenggongzuo,liyongtanjiaoyijizhidaobiqiyejishuchuangxin,jianshaotanpaifangqiangdu。

       sanshishichanghuayuchanyezhengcejiehejianpai,jitongguozonghebiaozhuntaotailuohou,cuofengshengchan、jianliangzhihuandengyajianguoshengchannengshouduanjinxingtanjianpai。gb16780《shuinidanweichanpinnengyuanxiaohaoxiane(baopigao)》zaidanweishuinichanpinzonghenenghaoxiane、danweishuliaochanpinzonghenenghao、zonghedianhaoyuzonghemeihaoxiane、shuinizhibeigongduandianhaoxianedengfangmiantichulegengjiayangedeyaoqiu。《caizhengbu guojiashuiwuzongjuguanyuyinfa<ziyuanzongheliyongchanpinhelaowuzengzhishuiyouhuimulu>detongzhi》(caishui〔2015〕78hao)he《caizhengbu shuiwuzongjuguanyuziyuanzongheliyongzengzhishuizhengcedegonggao》(caizhengbu shuiwuzongjugonggao2019niandi90hao)jiadalefeizhazaishuini、shuinishuliaodeziyuanhualiyongdezhengcelidu,“42.5jiyishangdengjishuinideyuanliao20%yishanglaizisuolieziyuan,qitashuini、shuinishuliaodeyuanliao40%yishanglaizisuolieziyuan;nashuirenfuhe《shuinigongyedaqiwuranwupaifangbiaozhun》(gb4915—2013)guidingdejishuyaoqiu,tuishuibiliwei70%”。zheixiebiaozhunguidingyouxiaotuidongleshuinijienengjianghao、gulitidaiyuanranliaodeng,zhichengletanjianpaigongzuo。

       cuofengshengchanhechannengjianliangzhihuanzhengceyijingchengweiyajianshuiniguoshengchannengdeliangdazhengcezhuashou。jingtongji,“shisanwu”qijianshuinixingyeyikaogongyehexinxihuabu、shengtaihuanjingbulianhetuixingdecuofengshengchanzhengce,shixianjianpaieryanghuatan17.2yidun,jieyuemeitanyiyudun。youqishi2020niandi《guanyujinyibuzuohaoshuinichangtaihuacuofengshengchandetongzhi》(gongxinbulianyuan〔2020〕201hao)wenjianchutai,jiangzaijinhouyigejiaozhangshiqineichengweishuinixingyezuiyouxiaodegongguquchannengchengguo、gonggutanjianpaixiaoguodechanyezhengce。

       muqian,gongyehexinxihuabu《shuinibolixingyechannengzhihuanshishibanfa(xiudinggao)》zhengzaizhengqiuyijian,channengjianliangzhihuanzhengcecongyan,jiadazhihuanbili,youxiaoezhixinzengchanneng,tongshichannengzhihuanzhengcezaichannengyanzhongguoshengqingkuangxia,youliyuqiyezizhupeitaoxianjingongyihegaoshuipingzhuangbei,tigaozhengtixingyedejienengjianghao,lvseditanshuiping,cujinjishujinbu、youshenglietaihechannengbujuyouhua。

       tuijingongjicejiegouxinggaige,genjushichangxuqiukongzhidiaojieshuliaochanliang,gongguquchannengchengxiaoshishuinixingyetiqiantandafengdeguanjian。xiayibu,jianyigonggutanjianpaixiaoguo,tiqiantandafeng,tuijintanzhonghegongzuo。yishiyangezhixingshuinichangtaihuacuofengshengchan、channengjianliangzhihuanzheixieyajianguoshengchannengdechanyezhengce,yijiyizhao《shiliubumenguanyuliyongzonghebiaozhunyifayiguituidongluohouchannengtuichudezhidaoyijian》(gongxinbulianchanye〔2017〕30hao)he《chanyejiegoudiaozhengzhidaomulu(2019nianben)》,jinyibujiadajiandujianchalidu,taotailuohouyanjinxinzengshuinichanneng。ershijinyibuwanshancongyanbiaozhuntixi,qianghuabiaozhunyinlingzuoyong,jiakuailvsekuangshan、lvsegongchangdengjianshegongzuo,jiaqiangshichangjianguan,cushixingyetibiaogaizao,zhuanxingshengji,daobiluohouchannengtuichu。sanshigulishuiniqiyeyanshenchanyelian,liyongshuinichanyejijuyoushiyouhuaziyuanpeizhi,congquanchanyelianyouhuajiaodushishitanjianpai。sishijiadaduishuinixingyeshuzihuazhinenghua、jienengjianpaijianghao、xietongchuzhi、ziyuanzongheliyongdengfangmiandeyingyonghezhengcefuchilidu。


(bizhexizhongguoshuinixiehuifumishuzhang,xiehuitanjianpaizhuanjiaweiyuanhuimishuzhanglichen)

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